示例#1
0
void setup(ModelConfig* mcInWs) {
  RooAbsPdf* combPdf = mcInWs->GetPdf();

  RooArgSet mc_obs = *mcInWs->GetObservables();
  RooArgSet mc_globs = *mcInWs->GetGlobalObservables();
  RooArgSet mc_nuis = *mcInWs->GetNuisanceParameters();

  // pair the nuisance parameter to the global observable
  RooArgSet mc_nuis_tmp = mc_nuis;
  RooArgList nui_list;
  RooArgList glob_list;
  RooArgSet constraint_set_tmp(*combPdf->getAllConstraints(mc_obs, mc_nuis_tmp, false));
  RooArgSet constraint_set;
  int counter_tmp = 0;
  unfoldConstraints(constraint_set_tmp, constraint_set, mc_obs, mc_nuis_tmp, counter_tmp);

  TIterator* cIter = constraint_set.createIterator();
  RooAbsArg* arg;
  while ((arg = (RooAbsArg*)cIter->Next())) {
    RooAbsPdf* pdf = (RooAbsPdf*)arg;
    if (!pdf) continue;

    // pdf->Print();

    TIterator* nIter = mc_nuis.createIterator();
    RooRealVar* thisNui = NULL;
    RooAbsArg* nui_arg;
    while ((nui_arg = (RooAbsArg*)nIter->Next())) {
      if (pdf->dependsOn(*nui_arg)) {
        thisNui = (RooRealVar*)nui_arg;
        break;
      }
    }
    delete nIter;

    // need this incase the observable isn't fundamental. 
    // in this case, see which variable is dependent on the nuisance parameter and use that.
    RooArgSet* components = pdf->getComponents();
    // components->Print();
    components->remove(*pdf);
    if (components->getSize()) {
      TIterator* itr1 = components->createIterator();
      RooAbsArg* arg1;
      while ((arg1 = (RooAbsArg*)itr1->Next())) {
        TIterator* itr2 = components->createIterator();
        RooAbsArg* arg2;
        while ((arg2 = (RooAbsArg*)itr2->Next())) {
          if (arg1 == arg2) continue;
          if (arg2->dependsOn(*arg1)) {
            components->remove(*arg1);
          }
        }
        delete itr2;
      }
      delete itr1;
    }

    if (components->getSize() > 1) {
      cout << "ERROR::Couldn't isolate proper nuisance parameter" << endl;
      return;
    }
    else if (components->getSize() == 1) {
      thisNui = (RooRealVar*)components->first();
    }

    TIterator* gIter = mc_globs.createIterator();
    RooRealVar* thisGlob = NULL;
    RooAbsArg* glob_arg;
    while ((glob_arg = (RooAbsArg*)gIter->Next())) {
      if (pdf->dependsOn(*glob_arg)) {
        thisGlob = (RooRealVar*)glob_arg;
        break;
      }
    }
    delete gIter;

    if (!thisNui || !thisGlob) {
      cout << "WARNING::Couldn't find nui or glob for constraint: " << pdf->GetName() << endl;
      //return;
      continue;
    }

    // cout << "Pairing nui: " << thisNui->GetName() << ", with glob: " << thisGlob->GetName() << ", from constraint: " << pdf->GetName() << endl;

    nui_list.add(*thisNui);
    glob_list.add(*thisGlob);

    if (string(pdf->ClassName()) == "RooPoisson")  {
      double minVal = max(0.0, thisGlob->getVal() - 8*sqrt(thisGlob->getVal()));
      double maxVal = max(10.0, thisGlob->getVal() + 8*sqrt(thisGlob->getVal()));
      thisNui->setRange(minVal, maxVal);
      thisGlob->setRange(minVal, maxVal);
    }
    else if (string(pdf->ClassName()) == "RooGaussian") {
      thisNui->setRange(-7, 7);
      thisGlob->setRange(-10, 10);
    }

    // thisNui->Print();
    // thisGlob->Print();
  }
  delete cIter;

}
void statTest(double mu_pe, double mu_hyp, ModelConfig *mc , RooDataSet *data ){

    int nToyMC = 5;
    // set roofit seed
    RooRandom::randomGenerator()->SetSeed();

    cout << endl;
    cout << endl;
    cout << "Will generate " << nToyMC << " pseudo-experiments for : " << endl;
    cout << " - mu[pseudo-data] = " << mu_pe  << endl;
    cout << " - mu[stat-test]   = " << mu_hyp << endl;
    cout << endl;

    // Check number of POI (for Wald approx)
    RooArgSet *ParamOfInterest = (RooArgSet*) mc->GetParametersOfInterest();
    int nPOI = ParamOfInterest->getSize();
    if(nPOI>1){
      cout <<"not sure what to do with other parameters of interest, but here are their values"<<endl;
      mc->GetParametersOfInterest()->Print("v");
    }
    RooRealVar* firstPOI    = (RooRealVar*) ParamOfInterest->first(); 
    RooAbsPdf *simPdf = (mc->GetPdf());
    //PrintAllParametersAndValues( *mc->GetGlobalObservables() );
    //PrintAllParametersAndValues( *mc->GetObservables() );
    firstPOI->setVal(0.0); // FIXME

    //simPdf->fitTo( *data, Hesse(kTRUE), Minos(kTRUE), PrintLevel(1) );
    simPdf->fitTo( *data );

    // set up the sampler
    ToyMCSampler sampler;
    sampler.SetPdf(*mc->GetPdf());
    sampler.SetObservables(*mc->GetObservables());
    sampler.SetNToys(nToyMC);
    sampler.SetGlobalObservables(*mc->GetGlobalObservables());
    sampler.SetParametersForTestStat(*mc->GetParametersOfInterest());
    RooArgSet* poiset = dynamic_cast<RooArgSet*>(ParamOfInterest->Clone());


    // only unconditional fit
    MinNLLTestStat *minNll = new MinNLLTestStat(*mc->GetPdf());
    minNll->EnableDetailedOutput(true);
    sampler.AddTestStatistic(minNll);

    // enable PROOF if desired
    //ProofConfig pc(*w, 8, "workers=8", kFALSE);
    //sampler.SetProofConfig(&pc);

    // evaluate the test statistics - this is where most of our time will be spent
    cout << "Generating " << nToyMC << " toys...this will take a few minutes" << endl;
    TStopwatch *mn_t = new TStopwatch; 
    mn_t->Start();
    RooDataSet* sd = sampler.GetSamplingDistributions(*poiset);
    cout << "Toy generation complete :" << endl;
    // stop timing
    mn_t->Stop();
    cout << " total CPU time: " << mn_t->CpuTime() << endl;
    cout << " total real time: " << mn_t->RealTime() << endl; 

    // now sd contains all information about our test statistics, including detailed output
    // we might eg. want to explore the results either directly, or first converting to a TTree
    // do the conversion
    TFile f("mytoys.root", "RECREATE");
    TTree *toyTree = RooStats::GetAsTTree("toyTree", "TTree created from test statistics", *sd);
    // save result to file, but in general do whatever you like
    f.cd();
    toyTree->Write();
    f.Close();
/*
    TFile* tmpFile = new TFile("mytoys.root","READ");
    TTree* myTree = (TTree*)tmpFile->Get("toyTree");

    // get boundaries for histograms
    TIter nextLeaf( (myTree->GetListOfLeaves())->MakeIterator() );
    TObject* leafObj(0);
    map<TString, float> xMaxs;
    map<TString, float> xMins;
    for(int i(0); i<myTree->GetEntries(); i++) {
      myTree->GetEntry(i);
      nextLeaf = ( (myTree->GetListOfLeaves())->MakeIterator() );
      while( (leafObj = nextLeaf.Next()) ) {
        TString name(leafObj->GetName());
        float value(myTree->GetLeaf( leafObj->GetName() )->GetValue());
        if(value > xMaxs[name]) { xMaxs[name] = value; }
        if(value < xMins[name]) { xMins[name] = value; }
      } // loop over leaves
    } // loop over tree entries

    // plot everything in the tree
    myTree->GetEntry(0);
    nextLeaf = ( (myTree->GetListOfLeaves())->MakeIterator() );
    leafObj = 0;
    // make a histogram per leaf
    map<TString, TH1F*> hists;
    myTree->GetEntry(0);
    while( (leafObj = nextLeaf.Next()) ) {
      if(!leafObj) { continue; }
      //cout << leafObj->GetName() << endl;
      TString name(leafObj->GetName());
      // special ones : fit related things
      if(name.Contains("covQual"))   { hists[name] = new TH1F(name,name,5,0,5); continue; }
      if(name.Contains("fitStatus")) { hists[name] = new TH1F(name,name,5,0,5); continue; }
      int nbin(500); 
      float histMin( xMins[name] - 0.1*fabs(xMins[name]) ); 
      float histMax( xMaxs[name] + 0.1*fabs(xMaxs[name]) );
      if(name.Contains("ATLAS_norm")) { // floating normalization factors
        histMin = 0; histMax = 10;
      }
      else if(name.Contains("gamma_stat")) { // statistical nus param
        if(name.Contains("globObs")) {  // get custom range for sampling
          histMin = int( xMins[name] - 0.1*fabs(xMins[name]) );
          histMax = int( xMaxs[name] + 0.1*fabs(xMaxs[name]) );
        } // use small range for pull and error
        else { nbin = 100; histMin = 0.0; histMax = 2.0; }
      }
      else if(name.Contains("_err")) { // errors on nus param
        nbin = 100; histMin = 0.0; histMax = 2.0;
      }
      else if(name.Contains("fitCond") || name.Contains("fitUncond") || name.Contains("globObs")) { // fit pulls
        nbin = 500; histMin = -5; histMax = 5;
      }
      hists[name] = new TH1F(name,name,nbin,histMin,histMax);
    } // loop over leaves to declare histos

    // loop over entries and fill histograms
    for(int i(0); i<myTree->GetEntries(); i++) {
      myTree->GetEntry(i);
      nextLeaf = ( (myTree->GetListOfLeaves())->MakeIterator() );
      while( (leafObj = nextLeaf.Next()) ) {
        TString name(leafObj->GetName());
        if(hists.find(name) == hists.end()) { continue; }
        hists[name]->Fill( myTree->GetLeaf( leafObj->GetName() )->GetValue() );
      } // loop over leaves
    } // loop over tree entries

    // overflow and underflow
    for(map<TString,TH1F*>::iterator ihist(hists.begin()); ihist!=hists.end(); ihist++) {
      if(ihist->second->GetBinContent(0)>0) {
        ihist->second->SetBinContent(1, ihist->second->GetBinContent(0) + ihist->second->GetBinContent(1) );
        // fix err
      }
      int nBinx = ihist->second->GetNbinsX();
      if(ihist->second->GetBinContent(nBinx)>0) {
        ihist->second->SetBinContent(nBinx-1, ihist->second->GetBinContent(nBinx) + ihist->second->GetBinContent(nBinx-1) );
        // fix err
      }
    }

    // save the results
    TString dirName(OutputDir+"/PlotsStatisticalTest/GlobalFit");
    if(drawPlots) {
      system(TString("mkdir -vp "+dirName));
    }
    TCanvas* canvas = new TCanvas("pulls");
    TLegend *leg = new TLegend(0.67, 0.64, 0.87, 0.86);
    LegendStyle(leg);
    for(map<TString,TH1F*>::iterator ihist(hists.begin()); ihist!=hists.end(); ihist++) {
      if( (ihist->first).Contains("fitCond_") ) { continue; } // skip unconditional fit - get it explicitly
      canvas->Clear();
      leg->Clear();
      TString niceName(ihist->first);
      niceName.ReplaceAll("fitUncond_","");
      //niceName.ReplaceAll("SD_TS0_",""); // not good if have multiple test statistics
      // conditional fit information
      ihist->second->SetLineColor(kGray+2);
      ihist->second->SetTitle(niceName);
      ihist->second->SetLineStyle(kSolid);
      ihist->second->SetLineWidth(2);
      if((ihist->first).Contains("fit") && !(ihist->first).Contains("_err") 
          && !(ihist->first).Contains("Qual") && !(ihist->first).Contains("Status")) {
        ihist->second->Rebin(4);
      }

//      ihist->second->GetXaxis()->SetTitle("");
//      ihist->second->GetYaxis()->SetTitle("");

      if(niceName.Contains("globObs")) {
        leg->AddEntry( ihist->second, "Sampling", "l" ); // add value of mu
      } else {
        leg->AddEntry( ihist->second, "Unconditional Fit", "l" ); // add value of mu
      }
      TString condName(ihist->first);
      condName.ReplaceAll("fitUncond","fitCond");
      // uncomditional fit information
      if(hists.find(condName) != hists.end() && condName != ihist->first) {
        hists[condName]->SetLineColor(kGray+2);
        hists[condName]->SetLineStyle(kDashed);
        hists[condName]->SetLineWidth(2);
        if(!(ihist->first).Contains("_err")) { hists[condName]->Rebin(4); }
        leg->AddEntry( hists[condName], "Conditional Fit", "l" );
        if( hists[condName]->GetMaximum() > ihist->second->GetMaximum() ) {
          ihist->second->SetMaximum( hists[condName]->GetMaximum() );
        }
      }
      ihist->second->SetMaximum( 1.2 * ihist->second->GetMaximum() );
      canvas->cd();
      ihist->second->Draw();
      leg->Draw();
      if(hists[condName] && condName != ihist->first) { hists[condName]->Draw("same"); }
      if(drawPlots) { 
        canvas->Print(dirName+"/"+niceName+".eps");
        canvas->Print(dirName+"/"+niceName+".png");
      }

      MainDirStatTest->cd();
      canvas->Write();
      gROOT->cd();
    }

*/

return;
}
// internal routine to run the inverter
HypoTestInverterResult *
RooStats::HypoTestInvTool::RunInverter(RooWorkspace * w,
                                       const char * modelSBName, const char * modelBName, 
                                       const char * dataName, int type,  int testStatType, 
                                       bool useCLs, int npoints, double poimin, double poimax, 
                                       int ntoys,
                                       bool useNumberCounting,
                                       const char * nuisPriorName ){

   std::cout << "Running HypoTestInverter on the workspace " << w->GetName() << std::endl;
  
   w->Print();
  
  
   RooAbsData * data = w->data(dataName); 
   if (!data) { 
      Error("StandardHypoTestDemo","Not existing data %s",dataName);
      return 0;
   }
   else 
      std::cout << "Using data set " << dataName << std::endl;
  
   if (mUseVectorStore) { 
      RooAbsData::setDefaultStorageType(RooAbsData::Vector);
      data->convertToVectorStore() ;
   }
  
  
   // get models from WS
   // get the modelConfig out of the file
   ModelConfig* bModel = (ModelConfig*) w->obj(modelBName);
   ModelConfig* sbModel = (ModelConfig*) w->obj(modelSBName);
  
   if (!sbModel) {
      Error("StandardHypoTestDemo","Not existing ModelConfig %s",modelSBName);
      return 0;
   }
   // check the model 
   if (!sbModel->GetPdf()) { 
      Error("StandardHypoTestDemo","Model %s has no pdf ",modelSBName);
      return 0;
   }
   if (!sbModel->GetParametersOfInterest()) {
      Error("StandardHypoTestDemo","Model %s has no poi ",modelSBName);
      return 0;
   }
   if (!sbModel->GetObservables()) {
      Error("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Model %s has no observables ",modelSBName);
      return 0;
   }
   if (!sbModel->GetSnapshot() ) { 
      Info("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Model %s has no snapshot  - make one using model poi",modelSBName);
      sbModel->SetSnapshot( *sbModel->GetParametersOfInterest() );
   }
  
   // case of no systematics
   // remove nuisance parameters from model
   if (noSystematics) { 
      const RooArgSet * nuisPar = sbModel->GetNuisanceParameters();
      if (nuisPar && nuisPar->getSize() > 0) { 
         std::cout << "StandardHypoTestInvDemo" << "  -  Switch off all systematics by setting them constant to their initial values" << std::endl;
         RooStats::SetAllConstant(*nuisPar);
      }
      if (bModel) { 
         const RooArgSet * bnuisPar = bModel->GetNuisanceParameters();
         if (bnuisPar) 
            RooStats::SetAllConstant(*bnuisPar);
      }
   }
  
   if (!bModel || bModel == sbModel) {
      Info("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","The background model %s does not exist",modelBName);
      Info("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Copy it from ModelConfig %s and set POI to zero",modelSBName);
      bModel = (ModelConfig*) sbModel->Clone();
      bModel->SetName(TString(modelSBName)+TString("_with_poi_0"));      
      RooRealVar * var = dynamic_cast<RooRealVar*>(bModel->GetParametersOfInterest()->first());
      if (!var) return 0;
      double oldval = var->getVal();
      var->setVal(0);
      bModel->SetSnapshot( RooArgSet(*var)  );
      var->setVal(oldval);
   }
   else { 
      if (!bModel->GetSnapshot() ) { 
         Info("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Model %s has no snapshot  - make one using model poi and 0 values ",modelBName);
         RooRealVar * var = dynamic_cast<RooRealVar*>(bModel->GetParametersOfInterest()->first());
         if (var) { 
            double oldval = var->getVal();
            var->setVal(0);
            bModel->SetSnapshot( RooArgSet(*var)  );
            var->setVal(oldval);
         }
         else { 
            Error("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Model %s has no valid poi",modelBName);
            return 0;
         }         
      }
   }

   // check model  has global observables when there are nuisance pdf
   // for the hybrid case the globobs are not needed
   if (type != 1 ) { 
      bool hasNuisParam = (sbModel->GetNuisanceParameters() && sbModel->GetNuisanceParameters()->getSize() > 0);
      bool hasGlobalObs = (sbModel->GetGlobalObservables() && sbModel->GetGlobalObservables()->getSize() > 0);
      if (hasNuisParam && !hasGlobalObs ) {  
         // try to see if model has nuisance parameters first 
         RooAbsPdf * constrPdf = RooStats::MakeNuisancePdf(*sbModel,"nuisanceConstraintPdf_sbmodel");
         if (constrPdf) { 
            Warning("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Model %s has nuisance parameters but no global observables associated",sbModel->GetName());
            Warning("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","\tThe effect of the nuisance parameters will not be treated correctly ");
         }
      }
   }


  
   // run first a data fit 
  
   const RooArgSet * poiSet = sbModel->GetParametersOfInterest();
   RooRealVar *poi = (RooRealVar*)poiSet->first();
  
   std::cout << "StandardHypoTestInvDemo : POI initial value:   " << poi->GetName() << " = " << poi->getVal()   << std::endl;  
  
   // fit the data first (need to use constraint )
   TStopwatch tw; 

   bool doFit = initialFit;
   if (testStatType == 0 && initialFit == -1) doFit = false;  // case of LEP test statistic
   if (type == 3  && initialFit == -1) doFit = false;         // case of Asymptoticcalculator with nominal Asimov
   double poihat = 0;

   if (minimizerType.size()==0) minimizerType = ROOT::Math::MinimizerOptions::DefaultMinimizerType();
   else 
      ROOT::Math::MinimizerOptions::SetDefaultMinimizer(minimizerType.c_str());
    
   Info("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Using %s as minimizer for computing the test statistic",
        ROOT::Math::MinimizerOptions::DefaultMinimizerType().c_str() );
   
   if (doFit)  { 

      // do the fit : By doing a fit the POI snapshot (for S+B)  is set to the fit value
      // and the nuisance parameters nominal values will be set to the fit value. 
      // This is relevant when using LEP test statistics

      Info( "StandardHypoTestInvDemo"," Doing a first fit to the observed data ");
      RooArgSet constrainParams;
      if (sbModel->GetNuisanceParameters() ) constrainParams.add(*sbModel->GetNuisanceParameters());
      RooStats::RemoveConstantParameters(&constrainParams);
      tw.Start(); 
      RooFitResult * fitres = sbModel->GetPdf()->fitTo(*data,InitialHesse(false), Hesse(false),
                                                       Minimizer(minimizerType.c_str(),"Migrad"), Strategy(0), PrintLevel(mPrintLevel), Constrain(constrainParams), Save(true) );
      if (fitres->status() != 0) { 
         Warning("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Fit to the model failed - try with strategy 1 and perform first an Hesse computation");
         fitres = sbModel->GetPdf()->fitTo(*data,InitialHesse(true), Hesse(false),Minimizer(minimizerType.c_str(),"Migrad"), Strategy(1), PrintLevel(mPrintLevel+1), Constrain(constrainParams), Save(true) );
      }
      if (fitres->status() != 0) 
         Warning("StandardHypoTestInvDemo"," Fit still failed - continue anyway.....");
  
  
      poihat  = poi->getVal();
      std::cout << "StandardHypoTestInvDemo - Best Fit value : " << poi->GetName() << " = "  
                << poihat << " +/- " << poi->getError() << std::endl;
      std::cout << "Time for fitting : "; tw.Print(); 
  
      //save best fit value in the poi snapshot 
      sbModel->SetSnapshot(*sbModel->GetParametersOfInterest());
      std::cout << "StandardHypoTestInvo: snapshot of S+B Model " << sbModel->GetName() 
                << " is set to the best fit value" << std::endl;
  
   }

   // print a message in case of LEP test statistics because it affects result by doing or not doing a fit 
   if (testStatType == 0) {
      if (!doFit) 
         Info("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Using LEP test statistic - an initial fit is not done and the TS will use the nuisances at the model value");
      else 
         Info("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Using LEP test statistic - an initial fit has been done and the TS will use the nuisances at the best fit value");
   }


   // build test statistics and hypotest calculators for running the inverter 
  
   SimpleLikelihoodRatioTestStat slrts(*sbModel->GetPdf(),*bModel->GetPdf());

   // null parameters must includes snapshot of poi plus the nuisance values 
   RooArgSet nullParams(*sbModel->GetSnapshot());
   if (sbModel->GetNuisanceParameters()) nullParams.add(*sbModel->GetNuisanceParameters());
   if (sbModel->GetSnapshot()) slrts.SetNullParameters(nullParams);
   RooArgSet altParams(*bModel->GetSnapshot());
   if (bModel->GetNuisanceParameters()) altParams.add(*bModel->GetNuisanceParameters());
   if (bModel->GetSnapshot()) slrts.SetAltParameters(altParams);
  
   // ratio of profile likelihood - need to pass snapshot for the alt
   RatioOfProfiledLikelihoodsTestStat 
      ropl(*sbModel->GetPdf(), *bModel->GetPdf(), bModel->GetSnapshot());
   ropl.SetSubtractMLE(false);
   if (testStatType == 11) ropl.SetSubtractMLE(true);
   ropl.SetPrintLevel(mPrintLevel);
   ropl.SetMinimizer(minimizerType.c_str());
  
   ProfileLikelihoodTestStat profll(*sbModel->GetPdf());
   if (testStatType == 3) profll.SetOneSided(true);
   if (testStatType == 4) profll.SetSigned(true);
   profll.SetMinimizer(minimizerType.c_str());
   profll.SetPrintLevel(mPrintLevel);

   profll.SetReuseNLL(mOptimize);
   slrts.SetReuseNLL(mOptimize);
   ropl.SetReuseNLL(mOptimize);

   if (mOptimize) { 
      profll.SetStrategy(0);
      ropl.SetStrategy(0);
      ROOT::Math::MinimizerOptions::SetDefaultStrategy(0);
   }
  
   if (mMaxPoi > 0) poi->setMax(mMaxPoi);  // increase limit
  
   MaxLikelihoodEstimateTestStat maxll(*sbModel->GetPdf(),*poi); 
   NumEventsTestStat nevtts;

   AsymptoticCalculator::SetPrintLevel(mPrintLevel);
  
   // create the HypoTest calculator class 
   HypoTestCalculatorGeneric *  hc = 0;
   if (type == 0) hc = new FrequentistCalculator(*data, *bModel, *sbModel);
   else if (type == 1) hc = new HybridCalculator(*data, *bModel, *sbModel);
   // else if (type == 2 ) hc = new AsymptoticCalculator(*data, *bModel, *sbModel, false, mAsimovBins);
   // else if (type == 3 ) hc = new AsymptoticCalculator(*data, *bModel, *sbModel, true, mAsimovBins);  // for using Asimov data generated with nominal values 
   else if (type == 2 ) hc = new AsymptoticCalculator(*data, *bModel, *sbModel, false );
   else if (type == 3 ) hc = new AsymptoticCalculator(*data, *bModel, *sbModel, true );  // for using Asimov data generated with nominal values 
   else {
      Error("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Invalid - calculator type = %d supported values are only :\n\t\t\t 0 (Frequentist) , 1 (Hybrid) , 2 (Asymptotic) ",type);
      return 0;
   }
  
   // set the test statistic 
   TestStatistic * testStat = 0;
   if (testStatType == 0) testStat = &slrts;
   if (testStatType == 1 || testStatType == 11) testStat = &ropl;
   if (testStatType == 2 || testStatType == 3 || testStatType == 4) testStat = &profll;
   if (testStatType == 5) testStat = &maxll;
   if (testStatType == 6) testStat = &nevtts;

   if (testStat == 0) { 
      Error("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Invalid - test statistic type = %d supported values are only :\n\t\t\t 0 (SLR) , 1 (Tevatron) , 2 (PLR), 3 (PLR1), 4(MLE)",testStatType);
      return 0;
   }
  
  
   ToyMCSampler *toymcs = (ToyMCSampler*)hc->GetTestStatSampler();
   if (toymcs && (type == 0 || type == 1) ) { 
      // look if pdf is number counting or extended
      if (sbModel->GetPdf()->canBeExtended() ) { 
         if (useNumberCounting)   Warning("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Pdf is extended: but number counting flag is set: ignore it ");
      }
      else { 
         // for not extended pdf
         if (!useNumberCounting  )  { 
            int nEvents = data->numEntries();
            Info("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Pdf is not extended: number of events to generate taken  from observed data set is %d",nEvents);
            toymcs->SetNEventsPerToy(nEvents);
         }
         else {
            Info("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","using a number counting pdf");
            toymcs->SetNEventsPerToy(1);
         }
      }

      toymcs->SetTestStatistic(testStat);
    
      if (data->isWeighted() && !mGenerateBinned) { 
         Info("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Data set is weighted, nentries = %d and sum of weights = %8.1f but toy generation is unbinned - it would be faster to set mGenerateBinned to true\n",data->numEntries(), data->sumEntries());
      }
      toymcs->SetGenerateBinned(mGenerateBinned);
  
      toymcs->SetUseMultiGen(mOptimize);
    
      if (mGenerateBinned &&  sbModel->GetObservables()->getSize() > 2) { 
         Warning("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","generate binned is activated but the number of ovservable is %d. Too much memory could be needed for allocating all the bins",sbModel->GetObservables()->getSize() );
      }

      // set the random seed if needed
      if (mRandomSeed >= 0) RooRandom::randomGenerator()->SetSeed(mRandomSeed); 
    
   }
  
   // specify if need to re-use same toys
   if (reuseAltToys) {
      hc->UseSameAltToys();
   }
  
   if (type == 1) { 
      HybridCalculator *hhc = dynamic_cast<HybridCalculator*> (hc);
      assert(hhc);
    
      hhc->SetToys(ntoys,ntoys/mNToysRatio); // can use less ntoys for b hypothesis 
    
      // remove global observables from ModelConfig (this is probably not needed anymore in 5.32)
      bModel->SetGlobalObservables(RooArgSet() );
      sbModel->SetGlobalObservables(RooArgSet() );
    
    
      // check for nuisance prior pdf in case of nuisance parameters 
      if (bModel->GetNuisanceParameters() || sbModel->GetNuisanceParameters() ) {

         // fix for using multigen (does not work in this case)
         toymcs->SetUseMultiGen(false);
         ToyMCSampler::SetAlwaysUseMultiGen(false);

         RooAbsPdf * nuisPdf = 0; 
         if (nuisPriorName) nuisPdf = w->pdf(nuisPriorName);
         // use prior defined first in bModel (then in SbModel)
         if (!nuisPdf)  { 
            Info("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","No nuisance pdf given for the HybridCalculator - try to deduce  pdf from the model");
            if (bModel->GetPdf() && bModel->GetObservables() ) 
               nuisPdf = RooStats::MakeNuisancePdf(*bModel,"nuisancePdf_bmodel");
            else 
               nuisPdf = RooStats::MakeNuisancePdf(*sbModel,"nuisancePdf_sbmodel");
         }   
         if (!nuisPdf ) {
            if (bModel->GetPriorPdf())  { 
               nuisPdf = bModel->GetPriorPdf();
               Info("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","No nuisance pdf given - try to use %s that is defined as a prior pdf in the B model",nuisPdf->GetName());            
            }
            else { 
               Error("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Cannnot run Hybrid calculator because no prior on the nuisance parameter is specified or can be derived");
               return 0;
            }
         }
         assert(nuisPdf);
         Info("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Using as nuisance Pdf ... " );
         nuisPdf->Print();
      
         const RooArgSet * nuisParams = (bModel->GetNuisanceParameters() ) ? bModel->GetNuisanceParameters() : sbModel->GetNuisanceParameters();
         RooArgSet * np = nuisPdf->getObservables(*nuisParams);
         if (np->getSize() == 0) { 
            Warning("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Prior nuisance does not depend on nuisance parameters. They will be smeared in their full range");
         }
         delete np;
      
         hhc->ForcePriorNuisanceAlt(*nuisPdf);
         hhc->ForcePriorNuisanceNull(*nuisPdf);
      
      
      }
   } 
   else if (type == 2 || type == 3) { 
      if (testStatType == 3) ((AsymptoticCalculator*) hc)->SetOneSided(true);  
      if (testStatType != 2 && testStatType != 3)  
         Warning("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Only the PL test statistic can be used with AsymptoticCalculator - use by default a two-sided PL");
   }
   else if (type == 0 || type == 1) 
      ((FrequentistCalculator*) hc)->SetToys(ntoys,ntoys/mNToysRatio); 

  
   // Get the result
   RooMsgService::instance().getStream(1).removeTopic(RooFit::NumIntegration);
  
  
  
   HypoTestInverter calc(*hc);
   calc.SetConfidenceLevel(0.95);
  
  
   calc.UseCLs(useCLs);
   calc.SetVerbose(true);
  
   // can speed up using proof-lite
   if (mUseProof && mNWorkers > 1) { 
      ProofConfig pc(*w, mNWorkers, "", kFALSE);
      toymcs->SetProofConfig(&pc);    // enable proof
   }
  
  
   if (npoints > 0) {
      if (poimin > poimax) { 
         // if no min/max given scan between MLE and +4 sigma 
         poimin = int(poihat);
         poimax = int(poihat +  4 * poi->getError());
      }
      std::cout << "Doing a fixed scan  in interval : " << poimin << " , " << poimax << std::endl;
      calc.SetFixedScan(npoints,poimin,poimax);
   }
   else { 
      //poi->setMax(10*int( (poihat+ 10 *poi->getError() )/10 ) );
      std::cout << "Doing an  automatic scan  in interval : " << poi->getMin() << " , " << poi->getMax() << std::endl;
   }
  
   tw.Start();
   HypoTestInverterResult * r = calc.GetInterval();
   std::cout << "Time to perform limit scan \n";
   tw.Print();
  
   if (mRebuild) {
      calc.SetCloseProof(1);
      tw.Start();
      SamplingDistribution * limDist = calc.GetUpperLimitDistribution(true,mNToyToRebuild);
      std::cout << "Time to rebuild distributions " << std::endl;
      tw.Print();
    
      if (limDist) { 
         std::cout << "expected up limit " << limDist->InverseCDF(0.5) << " +/- " 
                   << limDist->InverseCDF(0.16) << "  " 
                   << limDist->InverseCDF(0.84) << "\n"; 
      
         //update r to a new updated result object containing the rebuilt expected p-values distributions
         // (it will not recompute the expected limit)
         if (r) delete r;  // need to delete previous object since GetInterval will return a cloned copy
         r = calc.GetInterval();
      
      }
      else 
         std::cout << "ERROR : failed to re-build distributions " << std::endl; 
   }
  
   return r;
}
void StandardHypoTestDemo(const char* infile = "",
                          const char* workspaceName = "combined",
                          const char* modelSBName = "ModelConfig",
                          const char* modelBName = "",
                          const char* dataName = "obsData", 
                          int calcType = 0, // 0 freq 1 hybrid, 2 asymptotic
                          int testStatType = 3,   // 0 LEP, 1 TeV, 2 LHC, 3 LHC - one sided
                          int ntoys = 5000, 
                          bool useNC = false, 
                          const char * nuisPriorName = 0)
{

/*

  Other Parameter to pass in tutorial
  apart from standard for filename, ws, modelconfig and data

  type = 0 Freq calculator 
  type = 1 Hybrid calculator
  type = 2 Asymptotic calculator  

  testStatType = 0 LEP
  = 1 Tevatron 
  = 2 Profile Likelihood
  = 3 Profile Likelihood one sided (i.e. = 0 if mu < mu_hat)

  ntoys:         number of toys to use 

  useNumberCounting:  set to true when using number counting events 

  nuisPriorName:   name of prior for the nnuisance. This is often expressed as constraint term in the global model
  It is needed only when using the HybridCalculator (type=1)
  If not given by default the prior pdf from ModelConfig is used. 

  extra options are available as global paramwters of the macro. They major ones are: 
 
  generateBinned       generate binned data sets for toys (default is false) - be careful not to activate with 
  a too large (>=3) number of observables 
  nToyRatio            ratio of S+B/B toys (default is 2)
  printLevel
  
*/

   // disable - can cause some problems
   //ToyMCSampler::SetAlwaysUseMultiGen(true);

   SimpleLikelihoodRatioTestStat::SetAlwaysReuseNLL(true);
   ProfileLikelihoodTestStat::SetAlwaysReuseNLL(true);
   RatioOfProfiledLikelihoodsTestStat::SetAlwaysReuseNLL(true);

   //RooRandom::randomGenerator()->SetSeed(0);

   // to change minimizers 
   // ROOT::Math::MinimizerOptions::SetDefaultStrategy(0);
   // ROOT::Math::MinimizerOptions::SetDefaultMinimizer("Minuit2");
   // ROOT::Math::MinimizerOptions::SetDefaultTolerance(1);

  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // First part is just to access a user-defined file 
  // or create the standard example file if it doesn't exist
  ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  const char* filename = "";
  if (!strcmp(infile,""))
    filename = "results/example_combined_GaussExample_model.root";
  else
    filename = infile;
  // Check if example input file exists
  TFile *file = TFile::Open(filename);

  // if input file was specified byt not found, quit
  if(!file && strcmp(infile,"")){
    cout <<"file not found" << endl;
    return;
  } 

  // if default file not found, try to create it
  if(!file ){
    // Normally this would be run on the command line
    cout <<"will run standard hist2workspace example"<<endl;
    gROOT->ProcessLine(".! prepareHistFactory .");
    gROOT->ProcessLine(".! hist2workspace config/example.xml");
    cout <<"\n\n---------------------"<<endl;
    cout <<"Done creating example input"<<endl;
    cout <<"---------------------\n\n"<<endl;
  }

  // now try to access the file again
  file = TFile::Open(filename);
  if(!file){
    // if it is still not there, then we can't continue
    cout << "Not able to run hist2workspace to create example input" <<endl;
    return;
  }

  
  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // Tutorial starts here
  ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

  // get the workspace out of the file
  RooWorkspace* w = (RooWorkspace*) file->Get(workspaceName);
  if(!w){
    cout <<"workspace not found" << endl;
    return;
  }
  w->Print();

  // get the modelConfig out of the file
  ModelConfig* sbModel = (ModelConfig*) w->obj(modelSBName);


  // get the modelConfig out of the file
  RooAbsData* data = w->data(dataName);

  // make sure ingredients are found
  if(!data || !sbModel){
    w->Print();
    cout << "data or ModelConfig was not found" <<endl;
    return;
  }
  // make b model
  ModelConfig* bModel = (ModelConfig*) w->obj(modelBName);


   // case of no systematics
   // remove nuisance parameters from model
   if (noSystematics) { 
      const RooArgSet * nuisPar = sbModel->GetNuisanceParameters();
      if (nuisPar && nuisPar->getSize() > 0) { 
         std::cout << "StandardHypoTestInvDemo" << "  -  Switch off all systematics by setting them constant to their initial values" << std::endl;
         RooStats::SetAllConstant(*nuisPar);
      }
      if (bModel) { 
         const RooArgSet * bnuisPar = bModel->GetNuisanceParameters();
         if (bnuisPar) 
            RooStats::SetAllConstant(*bnuisPar);
      }
   }


  if (!bModel ) {
      Info("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","The background model %s does not exist",modelBName);
      Info("StandardHypoTestInvDemo","Copy it from ModelConfig %s and set POI to zero",modelSBName);
      bModel = (ModelConfig*) sbModel->Clone();
      bModel->SetName(TString(modelSBName)+TString("B_only"));      
      RooRealVar * var = dynamic_cast<RooRealVar*>(bModel->GetParametersOfInterest()->first());
      if (!var) return;
      double oldval = var->getVal();
      var->setVal(0);
      //bModel->SetSnapshot( RooArgSet(*var, *w->var("lumi"))  );
      bModel->SetSnapshot( RooArgSet(*var)  );
      var->setVal(oldval);
  }
  
   if (!sbModel->GetSnapshot() || poiValue > 0) { 
      Info("StandardHypoTestDemo","Model %s has no snapshot  - make one using model poi",modelSBName);
      RooRealVar * var = dynamic_cast<RooRealVar*>(sbModel->GetParametersOfInterest()->first());
      if (!var) return;
      double oldval = var->getVal();
      if (poiValue > 0)  var->setVal(poiValue);
      //sbModel->SetSnapshot( RooArgSet(*var, *w->var("lumi") ) );
      sbModel->SetSnapshot( RooArgSet(*var) );
      if (poiValue > 0) var->setVal(oldval);
      //sbModel->SetSnapshot( *sbModel->GetParametersOfInterest() );
   }

   



   // part 1, hypothesis testing 
   SimpleLikelihoodRatioTestStat * slrts = new SimpleLikelihoodRatioTestStat(*bModel->GetPdf(), *sbModel->GetPdf());
   // null parameters must includes snapshot of poi plus the nuisance values 
   RooArgSet nullParams(*bModel->GetSnapshot());
   if (bModel->GetNuisanceParameters()) nullParams.add(*bModel->GetNuisanceParameters());
   
   slrts->SetNullParameters(nullParams);
   RooArgSet altParams(*sbModel->GetSnapshot());
   if (sbModel->GetNuisanceParameters()) altParams.add(*sbModel->GetNuisanceParameters());
   slrts->SetAltParameters(altParams);


   ProfileLikelihoodTestStat * profll = new ProfileLikelihoodTestStat(*bModel->GetPdf());


   RatioOfProfiledLikelihoodsTestStat * 
      ropl = new RatioOfProfiledLikelihoodsTestStat(*bModel->GetPdf(), *sbModel->GetPdf(), sbModel->GetSnapshot());
   ropl->SetSubtractMLE(false);

   if (testStatType == 3) profll->SetOneSidedDiscovery(1);
   profll->SetPrintLevel(printLevel);

   // profll.SetReuseNLL(mOptimize);
   // slrts.SetReuseNLL(mOptimize);
   // ropl.SetReuseNLL(mOptimize);

   AsymptoticCalculator::SetPrintLevel(printLevel);

   HypoTestCalculatorGeneric *  hypoCalc = 0;
   // note here Null is B and Alt is S+B
   if (calcType == 0) hypoCalc = new  FrequentistCalculator(*data, *sbModel, *bModel);
   else if (calcType == 1) hypoCalc= new  HybridCalculator(*data, *sbModel, *bModel);
   else if (calcType == 2) hypoCalc= new  AsymptoticCalculator(*data, *sbModel, *bModel);

   if (calcType == 0) 
       ((FrequentistCalculator*)hypoCalc)->SetToys(ntoys, ntoys/nToysRatio);
   if (calcType == 1) 
       ((HybridCalculator*)hypoCalc)->SetToys(ntoys, ntoys/nToysRatio);
   if (calcType == 2 ) { 
      if (testStatType == 3) ((AsymptoticCalculator*) hypoCalc)->SetOneSidedDiscovery(true);  
      if (testStatType != 2 && testStatType != 3)  
         Warning("StandardHypoTestDemo","Only the PL test statistic can be used with AsymptoticCalculator - use by default a two-sided PL");
      

   }


   // check for nuisance prior pdf in case of nuisance parameters 
   if (calcType == 1 && (bModel->GetNuisanceParameters() || sbModel->GetNuisanceParameters() )) {
         RooAbsPdf * nuisPdf = 0; 
         if (nuisPriorName) nuisPdf = w->pdf(nuisPriorName);
         // use prior defined first in bModel (then in SbModel)
         if (!nuisPdf)  { 
            Info("StandardHypoTestDemo","No nuisance pdf given for the HybridCalculator - try to deduce  pdf from the   model");
            if (bModel->GetPdf() && bModel->GetObservables() ) 
               nuisPdf = RooStats::MakeNuisancePdf(*bModel,"nuisancePdf_bmodel");
            else 
               nuisPdf = RooStats::MakeNuisancePdf(*sbModel,"nuisancePdf_sbmodel");
         }   
         if (!nuisPdf ) {
            if (bModel->GetPriorPdf())  { 
               nuisPdf = bModel->GetPriorPdf();
               Info("StandardHypoTestDemo","No nuisance pdf given - try to use %s that is defined as a prior pdf in the B model",nuisPdf->GetName());            
            }
            else { 
               Error("StandardHypoTestDemo","Cannnot run Hybrid calculator because no prior on the nuisance parameter is specified or can be derived");
               return;
            }
         }
         assert(nuisPdf);
         Info("StandardHypoTestDemo","Using as nuisance Pdf ... " );
         nuisPdf->Print();
      
         const RooArgSet * nuisParams = (bModel->GetNuisanceParameters() ) ? bModel->GetNuisanceParameters() : sbModel->GetNuisanceParameters();
         RooArgSet * np = nuisPdf->getObservables(*nuisParams);
         if (np->getSize() == 0) { 
            Warning("StandardHypoTestDemo","Prior nuisance does not depend on nuisance parameters. They will be smeared in their full range");
         }
         delete np;
      
         ((HybridCalculator*)hypoCalc)->ForcePriorNuisanceAlt(*nuisPdf);
         ((HybridCalculator*)hypoCalc)->ForcePriorNuisanceNull(*nuisPdf);
   }

   // hypoCalc->ForcePriorNuisanceAlt(*sbModel->GetPriorPdf());
   // hypoCalc->ForcePriorNuisanceNull(*bModel->GetPriorPdf());

   ToyMCSampler * sampler = (ToyMCSampler *)hypoCalc->GetTestStatSampler();

   if (sampler && (calcType == 0 || calcType == 1) ) { 

      // look if pdf is number counting or extended
      if (sbModel->GetPdf()->canBeExtended() ) { 
         if (useNC)   Warning("StandardHypoTestDemo","Pdf is extended: but number counting flag is set: ignore it ");
      }
      else {
         // for not extended pdf
         if (!useNC)  { 
            int nEvents = data->numEntries();
            Info("StandardHypoTestDemo","Pdf is not extended: number of events to generate taken  from observed data set is %d",nEvents);
            sampler->SetNEventsPerToy(nEvents);
         }
         else {
            Info("StandardHypoTestDemo","using a number counting pdf");
            sampler->SetNEventsPerToy(1);
         }
      }
      
      if (data->isWeighted() && !generateBinned) { 
         Info("StandardHypoTestDemo","Data set is weighted, nentries = %d and sum of weights = %8.1f but toy generation is unbinned - it would be faster to set generateBinned to true\n",data->numEntries(), data->sumEntries());
      }
      if (generateBinned)  sampler->SetGenerateBinned(generateBinned);


      // set the test statistic
      if (testStatType == 0) sampler->SetTestStatistic(slrts); 
      if (testStatType == 1) sampler->SetTestStatistic(ropl); 
      if (testStatType == 2 || testStatType == 3) sampler->SetTestStatistic(profll); 

   }
   
   HypoTestResult *  htr = hypoCalc->GetHypoTest();
   htr->SetPValueIsRightTail(true);
   htr->SetBackgroundAsAlt(false);
   htr->Print(); // how to get meaningfull CLs at this point?

   delete sampler;
   delete slrts; 
   delete ropl; 
   delete profll;

   if (calcType != 2) {
      HypoTestPlot * plot = new HypoTestPlot(*htr,100);
      plot->SetLogYaxis(true);
      plot->Draw();
   }
   else { 
      std::cout << "Asymptotic results " << std::endl;
      
   }

   // look at expected significances 
   // found median of S+B distribution
   if (calcType != 2) { 

      SamplingDistribution * altDist = htr->GetAltDistribution();   
      HypoTestResult htExp("Expected Result");
      htExp.Append(htr);
      // find quantiles in alt (S+B) distribution 
      double p[5];
      double q[5];
      for (int i = 0; i < 5; ++i) { 
         double sig = -2  + i;
         p[i] = ROOT::Math::normal_cdf(sig,1);
      }
      std::vector<double> values = altDist->GetSamplingDistribution();
      TMath::Quantiles( values.size(), 5, &values[0], q, p, false);  

      for (int i = 0; i < 5; ++i) { 
         htExp.SetTestStatisticData( q[i] );
         double sig = -2  + i;      
         std::cout << " Expected p -value and significance at " << sig << " sigma = " 
                   << htExp.NullPValue() << " significance " << htExp.Significance() << " sigma " << std::endl; 
         
      }
   }
   else { 
      // case of asymptotic calculator 
      for (int i = 0; i < 5; ++i) { 
         double sig = -2  + i;      
         // sigma is inverted here 
         double pval = AsymptoticCalculator::GetExpectedPValues( htr->NullPValue(), htr->AlternatePValue(), -sig, false);
         std::cout << " Expected p -value and significance at " << sig << " sigma = " 
                   << pval << " significance " << ROOT::Math::normal_quantile_c(pval,1) << " sigma " << std::endl; 
         
      }
   }

}